Diabetic and Non-Diabetic Wound Care Signs and Symptoms
When used in the context of diabetes, “wound” can pertain to issues like blisters, bruises, bumps, burns, calluses, cuts, and even ingrown toenails. Essentially, any possible abnormality, condition, or injury is a cause for concern and should be evaluated and treated at our Upland, CA office.
There is a wide array of symptoms that can be indicative of their presence which may include:
- Chills and/or fever, which is usually an indication of an infection
- Chronic pain (please be mindful of the fact that complete painlessness with diabetes is also concerning)
- Dulling of sensations or even numbness in the lower limbs
- Signs of infection – discharge, drainage, foul odor, and dead tissue (gangrene)
- Signs of inflammation – heat, pain, redness, swelling, and loss of function
Individuals who are otherwise healthy can also develop wounds (and should provide proper treatment for them as well), but several issues that accompany diabetes can increase the risk posed by a wound. These include:
- Blood sugar levels – Elevated glucose levels cause blood vessels to narrow, which then reduces the body’s ability to provide appropriate quantities of blood to affected areas.
- Diabetic neuropathy – The inability to feel pain at the time of injury leaves you unable to provide proper care (which then increases your risk of infection).
- Immune system deficiency – Diabetes makes the immune system, as a whole, less effective. This can be attributed to certain hormones and enzymes produced in response to elevated blood sugar levels.
- Reduced blood flow – Both the white and red cells that fight infection and provide nutrients, respectively, are carried in your bloodstream.